Diagnosis and Treatment for ILD​ - Dr. Jasdeep Sidana

What is Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD)?

Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a term used to describe a group of lung conditions that affect the interstitium, the tissue, and the space surrounding the air sacs in the lungs. According to Dr. Jasdeep Sidana, ILD can lead to scarring, inflammation, and damage to the lungs, which can make it difficult to breathe.

Furthermore, Dr. Sidana emphasizes the importance of understanding ILD, as early diagnosis and treatment can improve outcomes and quality of life. In this blog post, we will explore what ILD is, its symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, management, and what it’s like living with ILD.

ILD Overview

ILD is a group of lung disorders that cause inflammation and scarring (fibrosis) in the interstitium, which is the tissue surrounding and supporting the air sacs (alveoli) in the lungs. This scarring can make it difficult for oxygen to pass from the lungs into the bloodstream, leading to shortness of breath and other respiratory symptoms.

There are many different types of ILD, including :

  • Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Hypersensitivity pneumonitis

Some forms of ILD are caused by exposure to environmental toxins, such as asbestos or silica dust, while others may be related to autoimmune diseases or genetic factors.

Symptoms of ILD

Living with Interstitial Lung Disease can be challenging and may impact a person’s quality of life in many ways. The symptoms and severity of ILD can also vary from person to person and depend on the type of ILD they have.

Here are the common symptoms of ILD, according to Dr. Jasdeep Sidana:

  • Shortness of breath (dyspnea)
  • A dry, hacking cough that doesn’t produce mucus
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Fever
  • Clubbing (enlargement of the tips of the fingers or toes)
  • Chest pain
  • Tightness or heaviness in the chest

These symptoms may develop gradually over time and can be mistaken for other respiratory conditions such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Diagnosis and Treatment for ILD

There are many types of ILD, and the diagnosis and treatment may vary depending on the specific type of ILD and its severity. However, in general, the diagnosis and treatment of ILD may include the following:


  • Medical history and physical examination: A doctor will ask about the patient’s symptoms, medical history, and exposure to environmental factors such as dust, chemicals, or radiation.
  • Pulmonary function tests: These tests measure lung capacity, how well air moves in and out of the lungs, and how well oxygen is transferred from the lungs into the bloodstream.
  • Chest X-ray or CT scan: These imaging tests can show the presence of scarring or inflammation in the lungs.
  • Bronchoscopy: A flexible tube with a camera is inserted through the nose or mouth to examine the airways and take a sample of lung tissue for analysis (biopsy).


  • Medications: Depending on the specific type of ILD, medications such as corticosteroids, immunosuppressants, and antibiotics may be used to reduce inflammation, suppress the immune system, or treat infections.
  • Oxygen therapy: If the patient has low blood oxygen levels, oxygen therapy may be prescribed to help them breathe more easily.
  • Pulmonary rehabilitation: A program of exercises and breathing techniques may be recommended to improve lung function and overall health.
  • Lung transplant: In severe cases of ILD, a lung transplant may be considered as a treatment option.

It’s important to note that the diagnosis and treatment of ILD require a multidisciplinary approach involving a team of healthcare professionals, including pulmonologists, radiologists, pathologists, and sometimes, rheumatologists or other specialists.

Living with ILD

What is Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD)? - Dr. Jasdeep Sidana

Living with ILD can be challenging, both physically and emotionally. Due to the severity of the symptoms, the patient may find it difficult to carry out daily activities, such as climbing stairs, carrying groceries, or even getting dressed. In addition, the treatment for ILD can have side effects, such as weight gain, mood changes, or an increased risk of infections.

Living with ILD may also require making lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking, avoiding exposure to environmental irritants, and following a healthy diet and exercise routine. Support from friends, family and healthcare providers can be crucial in managing the physical and emotional challenges of living with ILD.

Additionally, Dr. Jasdeep Sidana recommends coping strategies such as support groups, counseling, and stress management techniques that can help patients and their caregivers manage the emotional and social impact of ILD. There are also resources available, such as ILD clinics and advocacy organizations, that can provide education, support, and assistance.


If you or a loved one are affected by ILD, remember that you are not alone, and there are resources available to help you cope with this condition. Dr. Jasdeep Sidana and his team are dedicated to providing the best care for their patients and offering support and guidance. If you have any questions or concerns about ILD, please don’t hesitate to reach out to Dr. Sidana’s office for more information.